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Why is there one person on a volleyball team wear different color?

Volleyball is a popular team sport played around the world by over 800 million people. Like any team sport, communication and coordination between players is critical for success. This often involves being able to quickly visually identify your teammates on the court. Most volleyball teams wear uniforms with matching colors to aid this visual identification. However, you may have noticed that there is usually one player on the team wearing a different color uniform. So why does one player stand out from their teammates?

The Libero Player

The reason for the different colored uniform is because that player is in a special position called the “libero.” The libero is a defensive specialist position added to the game in 1998 by the FIVB (Fédération Internationale de Volleyball), the international governing body for volleyball. The goal of adding the libero position was to increase rally lengths and make defensive play more specialized and strategic.

Here are some key rules that differentiate the libero from other players on the court:

  • The libero wears a contrasting uniform to make them easily identifiable.
  • They are restricted to playing only as a back row defender, not allowed to rotate into front row attacking positions.
  • Liberos are not allowed to serve, block or make attacking hits above the height of the net.
  • There are special rules for substituting liberos in and out of play.

In essence, the libero is a “free defender” that can be substituted in and out more flexibly to keep a good defensive player on the court. Let’s look at some reasons why the libero wears a different uniform color.

Reasons for the Contrasting Libero Uniform

1. Easier Identification on the Court

Since the libero can substitute into play frequently and is restricted to only playing back row defense, it’s important for players to immediately identify where the libero is on the court. The contrasting color uniform allows players and referees to quickly locate the libero amongst the other players wearing matching uniforms. This aids the flow and strategy of the match.

2. Distinguishes Specialized Defensive Role

The different colored uniform is a visual marker that distinguishes the specialized libero defensive position compared to the regular rotational positions. It signifies that the libero has a unique role on the team and is subject to specific rules of play. This allows teams to strategically utilize the libero’s flexible substitution and defensive skills.

3. Provides Continuity with Player Changes

Teams are allowed to designate a new libero before each set. Since the libero’s contrasting uniform stays the same, this helps provide visual continuity for the defensive specialist position when different players rotate into the role. The attacking rotational positions remain constant while the libero may change each set.

Libero Uniform Rules

There are regulations on the libero’s contrasting uniform to maintain consistency across volleyball leagues and levels:

Uniform Rules Purpose
Must clearly contrast from the rest of the team’s uniform colors Allow easy visual identification on the court
The libero jersey must be numbered like the rest of team jerseys Shows they are an official team member despite different color
A jacket or bib can be worn over the uniform for libero identification Provides option if teams have limited alternate uniforms
The libero uniform may have a different design but still distinguishable from the rest of team Provides some design flexibility while still contrasting from teammates

Referees will check that the libero uniform meets regulations before each match. This ensures the libero is clearly identifiable compared to other players on the court.

Common Libero Uniform Colors

Since the libero must clearly contrast from the other team jerseys, certain colors have emerged as popular choices. Here are some of the most common libero uniform colors:

  • Black – A strong contrasting color from lighter colored jerseys like white, yellow, orange, etc.
  • Pink – Vibrant and contrasts well from many color combinations.
  • Green – Earthy tone that contrasts from warm colors like reds, oranges, etc.
  • Blue – Cooler tone that contrasts from warm colored jerseys.
  • Yellow – Bright tone that stands apart from darker jersey colors.

The primary consideration is how much the libero uniform contrasts from the rest of the team’s jersey colors. Teams often have light and dark colored jerseys available so the libero jersey can be the opposite tone. Creative or multi-colored libero uniforms are also seen if they meet regulations.

Famous Liberos and Their Jerseys

Some liberos have become famous for their stellar defensive play and iconic contrasting uniforms. Here are a few legendary liberos and the colors that distinguished them from their teammates:

Libero Team Libero Jersey Color
Sergey Tetyukhin Russia National Team Lime Green
Paula Pequeno Brazil National Team Pink
Masayuki Izumikawa Japan National Team Purple
Hoda El Sayed Egypt National Team Red
Carlos Tejeda Cuba National Team Yellow

These famous liberos displayed outstanding defensive skill for their national teams. Their choice of contrasting colors made them stand out on the world volleyball stage while representing their countries.


In summary, the libero player wears a different colored uniform to visually distinguish their specialized defensive role on the volleyball team. The contrasting libero jersey allows easy identification on the court, signals their unique playing rules, and provides continuity when the role rotates between players. Regulations ensure the libero uniform properly contrasts and referees check for compliance. While any strongly contrasting color can be used, black, pink, green, blue, and yellow have emerged as popular libero jersey choices. The next time you watch a volleyball match, look for the player sporting the alternate colored jersey to appreciate how the libero’s specialized skills and appearance add strategic diversity to this great team sport.