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What are the names of the shades of blue?

What are the names of the shades of blue?

Blue is one of the three primary colors, along with red and yellow. It is a popular color that is found everywhere from the sky and ocean to flags, brands, and more. There are many different shades and variations of the color blue, each with its own unique name and attributes. In this article, we will explore the wide range of blue shades and their specific names.

Primary Blue Shades

There are three main shades of blue that form the foundation for other variations of the color:

Cyan: Cyan is one of the secondary colors on the RYB color model, made by mixing equal parts green and blue light. It is a bright mint or aqua shade.

Ultramarine: Ultramarine is a deep violet-blue pigment made from the semi-precious stone lapis lazuli. It has a rich, royal blue color.

Prussian Blue: Prussian blue is a dark blue pigment created around 1704. It is made with iron ferrocyanide and gets its name from being developed in Prussia.

Bright and Vivid Blues

Some shades of blue evoke brightness, energy, and vividness. These include:

Azure: Azure is a bright, medium toned blue inspired by the clear blue skies. It is lighter than a royal blue.

Electric Blue: As its name suggests, this is a vibrant neon blue that really pops like electricity.

Cerulean: Cerulean is a sky blue color perfect for sunny summer days. It is a mix of cyan and azure.

Royal Blue: Royal blue is a rich, deep blue associated with royalty, authority, and nobility.

Sapphire: Sapphire blue is a gem-like shade named after the precious stone. It has a bright, jewel-toned color.

Shade Hex Code
Azure #007FFF
Electric Blue #5CF
Cerulean #2A52BE
Royal Blue #4169E1
Sapphire #082567

Calm and Serene Blues

Some shades of blue evoke a sense of calm, tranquility, and relaxation. These blue hues include:

Baby Blue: As the name suggests, this is a pastel tinted blue associated with babies. It offers a sense of innocence.

Columbia Blue: Columbia blue is a light turquoise blue named after a variant of the gemstone aquamarine. It is light and airy.

Ice Blue: Ice blue is cool, pure blue shade reminiscent of ice and snow. It can suggest coldness.

Powder Blue: Powder blue is extremely pale, soft blue that gets its name from blue powder used for laundry. It is gentle and delicate.

Sky Blue: Sky blue is usually a light azure shade that mimics bright, sunny skies. It connotes freedom and escapism.

Mysterious and Moody Blues

Some shades of blue have darker, moodier, more mysterious personalities. These blues include:

Navy Blue: As its name denotes, navy blue is a very dark midnight blue associated with navy uniforms. It can suggest conservatism.

Steel Blue: Steel blue is a blue-gray color reminiscent of refined steel. It gives a sense of strength and reliability.

Denim Blue: Denim blue is the unique medium blue shade of denim fabric. It is casual, cool, and laidback.

Indigo: Indigo is a midnight blue inspired by the purple tint of the indigo plant dye used to color blue jeans. It has an earthy feel.

Prussian Blue: As mentioned earlier, Prussian blue is a very dark midnight blue shade that can appear mystical.

Greenish Blues

Some shades of blue take on a greenish tint or hue. Common greenish blues are:

Teal: Teal is a medium blue-green color associated with the common water bird of the same name. It has an earthy, relaxing vibe.

Aquamarine: As the name denotes, aquamarine is a sparkling light blue-green meant to evoke the ocean.

Blue-Green: Blue-green is an equal mix of blue and green pigments. It has a cool, verdant shade.

Cadet Blue: Cadet blue is a grayish blue with a green undertone, said to mimic the hue of cadet uniforms.

Periwinkle: Periwinkle has a light violet-blue hue reminiscent of the pastel periwinkle flower.

Purple-Tinted Blues

There are also shades of blue that take on more purple, violet, or lavender-like qualities. Some examples include:

Blue Violet: As the name suggests, blue violet mixes the colors blue and violet to create a rich blend.

Cornflower Blue: Cornflower blue is a medium-light blue with a subtle purple undertone said to mimic the cornflower.

Lavender Blue: Lavender blue is a soft, elegant pastel blue with noticeable lavender purple hues.

Wisteria Blue: This is a light blue that takes its name and inspiration from the purple-blue wisteria flower clusters.

Bluebell: Bluebell is a lighter, brighter shade of blue inspired by the bluish-purple bluebell flower.


In summary, there are many diverse shades of blue that span the spectrum from bright, sunny blues to moody, mysterious midnight hues. Specific blue shades are defined by their unique names, attributes, color mixes, and connotations. From azure to denim blue, electric blue to sky blue, there is an endless variety in the blue color family. Understanding the names of different blue shades allows for more nuanced and thoughtful use of this versatile primary color.