No, not all elves in The Lord of the Rings have blue eyes. While many of the prominent elven characters like Galadriel, Elrond, Legolas, and Arwen are described as having blue eyes, Tolkien never states that all elves have blue eyes. The eye color of many elves is never specified. However, some elves like Haldir are specifically described as having gray eyes. So there is evidence of elves in Middle-earth having non-blue eye colors.
Elven Eye Color Descriptions
Here are some examples of how Tolkien describes the eye color of specific elves in The Lord of the Rings and related writings:
- Galadriel – “Her hair was golden, and she had a white dress, but her eyes were deeper than the deepest blue, like the sea by night.” (The Mirror of Galadriel, The Fellowship of the Ring)
- Elrond – “His face was neither young nor old, though in it was written the memory of many things both glad and sorrowful. His hair was dark as the shadows of twilight, and upon it was set a circlet of silver; his eyes were grey as a clear evening, and in them was a light like the light of stars.” (The Council of Elrond, The Fellowship of the Ring)
- Legolas – “His face was fair and young, with merry eyes that were usually laughing; but at times they could be cold as green ice.” (The Great River, The Fellowship of the Ring)
- Arwen – “And seated a little apart was a tall man with a fair and noble face, dark-haired and grey-eyed, proud and stern of glance.” (The Tower of the Sun, The Return of the King; referring to Aragorn’s first sight of Arwen)
- Haldir – “Haldir had returned and he brought with him Rumil, a tall Elf, as his brother. Rumil bore a silver crescent upon his bow and he had a quiver of long white arrows. He gazed at the strangers with keen eyes, but said no word.” (Lothlorien, The Fellowship of the Ring)
So Tolkien clearly describes some elves as having blue eyes, some as having gray eyes, and some without any eye color specified. This shows there is variation.
Lack of Definitive Statements on Eye Color
In all of Tolkien’s extensive writings on Middle-earth and the elves, he never makes any definitive statements that all elves have blue eyes. There are no passages saying something explicit like “all elves had blue eyes” or “blue eyes were a trait common to all elves.”
If it was meant to be a uniform racial characteristic, Tolkien likely would have stated so plainly somewhere. But he does not. The only references to elven eye color are specific descriptions of individuals, with both blue and non-blue eyes appearing.
So there is no evidence for saying definitively that all elves have blue eyes. Tolkien leaves the eye color of many elves open and unspecified.
Other Elven Traits are Generalized
Tolkien does make definitive statements about some common physical traits of elves, such as:
- Pointed ears – “He was clad in black, with a tall helm upon his head. A power was in his eyes and a mastery. But it was not to the Mortal that he spoke. Elvish words he spoke, to those that listened. ‘The trees will have news of the Shadow,’ he said. ‘News that we have dared to come so nigh to Dol Guldur. But all is well, gwaem nin Glass, gwaem nin Angen, govaded gen! All as was foretold. The trees have grown wild and tall while the Evil slept.'” (A Journey in the Dark, The Hobbit)
- Lack of facial hair – “For elves and men were of one kind, as has been said; and before they had sailed the Great Sea they were already sundered in character, though not in bodily form. The elvish strain was in general the stronger and more complete: it had powers of rapid recovery, and free from gross bodily decay, while preserving the vigour of early life it displayed an endless capacity of growth. The bearded varieties were, however, by their nature, short-lived, hastily stirred to joy, grief, or anger; more lowly than the elves, and more occupied with bodily necessities.” (Of Men, Quenta Silmarillion)
So Tolkien clearly singles out some common racial traits. That he does not do this for eye color suggests it was not meant to be uniform for all elves.
In summary, there is no definitive evidence that all elves in Tolkien’s Middle-earth writings have blue eyes. While some prominent elven characters like Galadriel and Elrond have blue eyes, others are described with gray eyes or no eye color at all. Tolkien never makes any blanket statements about all elves having blue eyes, while he does generalize some other traits like pointed ears and lack of facial hair. So based on the textual evidence, it cannot be said for certain that all elves have blue eyes, just that many do. There is clearly variation in elven eye color.
|Galadriel||Blue||The Fellowship of the Ring|
|Elrond||Gray||The Fellowship of the Ring|
|Legolas||Blue||The Fellowship of the Ring|
|Arwen||Gray||The Return of the King|
|Haldir||Gray||The Fellowship of the Ring|