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What country is orange blue and red?

What country is orange blue and red?

The colors orange, blue, and red together are most commonly associated with the flag of the Netherlands. The Dutch flag, known as the Tricolor or Dutch Tricolor, features three horizontal bands of red, white, and blue. While the flag does not contain the color orange, these three colors together are considered symbolic of Dutch national identity.

The Colors of the Dutch Flag

The Dutch flag consists of three equal horizontal bands – red on the top, white in the middle, and dark blue on the bottom. The red, white, and blue represent:

  • Red: Courage, sacrifice, and devotion
  • White: Purity, innocence, and peace
  • Blue: Vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance and justice

These colors originated from the time period when the Netherlands revolted against Spanish rule during the 16th century. The Prince of Orange led the revolt, which is how the color orange became associated with the country, even though it is not present on the actual flag.

The Significance of the Color Orange

So why is the color orange strongly associated with the Netherlands if it is not on the flag? There are a few reasons:

  • William I, Prince of Orange was a leader of the Dutch revolt against Spain. The House of Orange-Nassau established rule over the Netherlands.
  • The color orange was seen as a symbol of protest against Spanish repression and rule.
  • Orange is still used as a designation of the Dutch royal family, known as the House of Orange-Nassau.
  • The color orange is worn by Dutch sports teams and athletes during international competitions as a symbol of national pride.

So while the color orange does not appear on the actual Dutch flag, it has great cultural and historical significance for the Netherlands. It represents Dutch sovereignty, independence, and national identity.

Other Orange, White, and Blue Flags

The color combination of orange, white, and blue appears on the flags of a few other countries and territories as well:

  • Aruba – A Dutch Caribbean island with a flag of blue, yellow, and red horizontal bands
  • New York City – The city’s flag contains orange, white, and blue as a nod to its Dutch history
  • Tamil Eelam – An unrecognized state in Sri Lanka uses an orange and yellow over green and blue flag
  • Bonaire – A municipality of the Netherlands with an orange, white, and blue flag

However, the most well-known example globally remains the Netherlands. For most people, seeing the trio of colors orange, white, and blue will immediately call to mind the Dutch flag and nation.

The Dutch Flag

Here are some key facts about the national flag of the Netherlands:

  • The current design was officially adopted in 1937 but based on much older tricolor flags used by the Dutch.
  • The hex color codes are #A2001D for red, #FFFFFF for white, and #001489 for blue.
  • The flag’s proportions are 2:3. Two units wide by three units tall.
  • During wartime or national mourning, the flag is flown with an additional black ribbon.
  • The first orange-white-blue tricolor emerged in the late 16th century as a symbol of revolt.

History of the Dutch Flag

While the current flag design dates to 1937, orange, white, and blue horizontal triband flags emerged much earlier in Dutch history:

  • 1572 – First known tricolor flag used during the Dutch Revolt against Spain. It was orange, white, and blue.
  • 1596 – Flag called the Prince’s Flag used orange on top, then white, then blue.
  • 1600s – Solid red, white, and blue flags become common.
  • 1664 – Formal red, white, and blue tricolor flag adopted by the Dutch navy.
  • 19th century – Various designs used but red, white, and blue colors stay consistent.
  • 1937 – Current national flag design formally adopted and made official.

So while the specific shades and layout have evolved over time, the colors red, white, and blue have been used on Dutch flags for centuries.

Other Dutch Symbols

In addition to the national flag, other symbols strongly associated with the Netherlands include:

  • The color orange
  • The lion rampant – Three lions based on the coat of arms of the Dutch Royal Family
  • King Willem-Alexander – Current Dutch monarch
  • Tulips – Iconic flower cultivated extensively in the Netherlands
  • Windmills – Traditional Dutch architecture and engineering
  • Wooden shoes – Known as klompen, common footwear in the past
  • Bicycles – Very popular mode of transportation
  • Gouda cheese – Traditional Dutch cheese originating in Gouda
  • Stroopwafels – Iconic Dutch caramel syrup waffle cookie

The Dutch Culture and People

The Netherlands has a rich culture and history that is reflected in various aspects of Dutch life today:

  • Language – Dutch is the official language. Frisian is a recognized regional language.
  • Religion – Historically Protestant Christian, now quite secular overall.
  • Values – Pragmatism, openness, tolerance, commerce, and exploration.
  • Society – Progressive, liberal, and focused on cooperation.
  • Customs – Holidays, carnivals, festivals, parades, and food celebrations.
  • Contributions – Art, exploration, trade, science, business, and architecture.

The Dutch people have a strong sense of inclusiveness and promoting human rights. The Netherlands consistently ranks as one of the happiest and most peaceful countries globally.

Fun Facts About the Netherlands

  • The Dutch consume the most licorice candy per capita worldwide.
  • The Netherlands has over 1,000 miles of canals, including Amsterdam.
  • Nearly half the country is below sea level.
  • Dutch children are some of the happiest kids in the developed world.
  • Bicycles outnumber people – there are 22.5 million bikes!
  • Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport has its own museum and library inside.
  • The Dutch national anthem is the oldest in the world dating from 1572.

Notable Dutch People

Famous historical and contemporary Dutch people include:

  • William of Orange – Leader of the Dutch Revolt against Spain in the 16th century
  • Anne Frank – Young diarist and Holocaust victim
  • Vincent Van Gogh – Famous post-Impressionist artist
  • Christiaan Huygens – Influential astronomer and mathematician
  • Johannes Vermeer – Prominent Baroque-era painter
  • Erasmus – Important Renaissance humanist and theologian
  • Michiel de Ruyter – Naval hero who fought the English and French
  • Ruud Gullit and Johan Cruyff – Legendary Dutch soccer players
  • Max Verstappen – Current elite Formula One racing driver
  • DJs Tiësto and Armin van Buuren – World famous electronic dance musicians

The Netherlands has produced many scientists, artists, philosophers, explorers, and thinkers who have had great influence.

Dutch Inventions and Discoveries

Some notable Dutch inventions and innovations include:

  • Microscope – Zacharias Janssen in 1590.
  • Pendulum clock – Christiaan Huygens in 1656, improving timekeeping.
  • Mercury thermometer – Daniel Fahrenheit in 1714.
  • Electrostatic generator – Pieter van Musschenbroek in the 1740s.
  • Spinning wheel – Invented in the 15th century for textiles.
  • Polder system – Earliest types of man-made drainage systems.
  • Wireless telegraph – Developed by the first Nobel Prize winner, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes.
  • Compact Disc / CD – Co-developed by Dutch company Philips in 1979.
  • WiFi – Invented by Dutch astronomer and computer scientist Cees Links.

The Dutch have historically shown great ingenuity in science, engineering, optics, and maritime technology.

Famous Dutch Painters and Art

The Netherlands has an outstanding artistic heritage. Some of the most influential Dutch painters and works include:

  • Rembrandt van Rijn – Created masterpieces like The Night Watch and The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp.
  • Johannes Vermeer – Famous for works like Girl with a Pearl Earring and The Milkmaid.
  • Vincent van Gogh – Post-Impressionist works like The Starry Night and Sunflowers.
  • Piet Mondrian – Leader in abstract art best known for geometric paintings.
  • M.C. Escher – Graphic artist noted for impossible constructions, tessellation, and polyhedra.
  • Frans Hals – Leading portrait painter during the Dutch Golden Age.
  • Jan Steen – Captured scenes of everyday life and genres.
  • Hieronymus Bosch – Known for fantastical and grotesque depictions.

Dutch painters pioneered new techniques in the use of color, light, and perspective that influenced art for centuries.

Traditional Dutch Clothing and Dress

Some elements of traditional Dutch dress and clothing include:

  • Klederdracht – Varied styles of regional folk dress with caps and bonnets.
  • Klompen – Wooden shoes popular among farmers and workers.
  • Hoorndrager caps – Worn by married Protestant Christian women.
  • Lacemaking – Dutch lace cap, collar, and headdress styles.
  • Volendam caps – Brightly colored caps from Volendam.
  • Clogs – Wooden shoes with leather upper sections.
  • Aprons – Fancy aprons as part of women’s dress.
  • Headscarves – Partersmuts caps and scarves covering hair.

Today most Dutch dress is modern European, but traditional garments are still used for some events and celebrations.

Famous Dutch Foods and Cuisine

Signature Dutch foods and dishes include:

  • Bitterballen – Fried meatballs commonly served as a snack.
  • Stamppot – Hearty mashed potato dish with vegetables.
  • Hutspot – Stew with onions, carrots, and potatoes.
  • Poffertjes – Mini pancakes served with powdered sugar and butter.
  • Stroopwafel – Waffles filled with caramel syrup.
  • Oliebollen – Round fried dough balls served at New Year’s.
  • Rijsttafel – Indonesian rice table introduced during colonial era.
  • Raw herring – Served soft or hard, often with pickles and onion.
  • Licorice – The Dutch eat the most licorice candy per person worldwide.

Overall, Dutch cuisine is simple, hearty, and filling. The sweets like stroopwafel are especially delicious!


In summary, while the colors orange, white, and blue are commonly associated with the Netherlands, only red, white, and blue appear on the actual Dutch flag. Yet orange has great historical and cultural meaning for the Dutch people. The Netherlands has a rich history spanning art, science, exploration, trade, and engineering that has had profound impacts worldwide.