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What color are liberal Democrats?

Liberal Democrats have long been associated with the color blue. This association dates back to the 2000 presidential election between Al Gore and George W. Bush, when major media outlets used red for Republican states and blue for Democratic states on their electoral maps. Since then, blue has become the de facto color representing liberal Democrats.

Why are liberal Democrats associated with the color blue?

There are a few theories as to why blue became associated with liberal Democrats:

  • Blue represents progressive values – Blue is often seen as a calming, peaceful color that promotes openness and freedom. This aligns with progressive values like equality, environmentalism, and social justice.
  • Red represents conservatism – Before 2000, red was associated with left-leaning ideologies like communism. But after 2000, red became linked to conservatism and the Republican party.
  • Incumbent party – In 2000, the incumbent president Bill Clinton was a Democrat. The media used blue to represent the incumbent party and red for the challenger party.

Additionally, blue is associated with liberalism in many other countries. Red is often used for parties on the left internationally. Using red for the Republicans and blue for the Democrats allowed for easier comparisons between American politics and global politics.

When did the blue vs red color association begin?

As mentioned, the association began during the contentious 2000 presidential election between Democratic candidate Al Gore and Republican candidate George W. Bush. The election came down to a recount in Florida. Media outlets struggled to display the shaky results on electoral maps, leading them to use red and blue as defining colors for each party. Though Gore won the popular vote, Bush eventually won Florida and the electoral college. Following this, blue became fixed as the color of liberal Democrats.

Has the association always been set in stone?

No, there has been some fluidity with the color associations over time. Here is a brief timeline:

  • 1828-2000: No set color associations. Color use varied by media outlet and election.
  • 2000: Red assigned to Republicans, blue to Democrats during Bush vs. Gore election.
  • 2000-2004: Usage solidifies, blue clearly represents Democrats and liberals.
  • 2004: Some outlets use red for Kerry vs. blue for Bush, but blue for Democrats remains dominant.
  • 2008: All media outlets use blue for Obama’s win, cementing blue as the Democratic color.

Though some inconsistencies occurred in the early 2000s, by 2008 blue as the official color of liberal Democrats was unanimous across media outlets.

What do the red and blue colors represent?

Today, the color associations are:

  • Blue = Liberal, progressive Democrats
  • Red = Conservative, traditionalist Republicans

Here is a breakdown of the symbolic meanings:

Color Representing Symbolic Meaning
Blue Liberal Democrats Progress, change, openness, freedom
Red Conservative Republicans Courage, aggression, vibrancy, zeal

Blue conjures feelings of calm, hope, and expansiveness – values associated with liberalism. Red evokes power, strength, and intensity – concepts linked to conservatism. Of course, individual views vary widely within groups. But the color representations reflect broader associations.

Are there any exceptions to the red vs blue dynamic?

In the United States, red and blue are now fixed as shorthand for Republicans and Democrats. However, some exceptions exist:

  • Purple states – Swing states that regularly switch between Democrat and Republican are sometimes represented as purple.
  • Third parties – Third parties like the Libertarians (yellow) and Green Party (green) have their own colors.
  • International usage – Other nations use color differently. Blue represents conservative parties in the UK and Canada for example.

So while red and blue dominate in discussions of U.S. liberal vs. conservative politics, third parties, swing states, and international comparisons demonstrate more varied uses of color.

How do people display their political colors?

Beyond just maps and graphics, Americans have adopted various ways of displaying red or blue allegiance:

  • Apparel – Wearing a red or blue hat, shirt, or accessory shows political leanings.
  • Signs – Red or blue signs are prominent at political rallies and protests.
  • Social media – Users often choose red or blue as the theme color for their profiles.
  • Home decor – Some display red or blue decorations, fabrics, or paint colors in their home.

Displays like these signal an individual’s political identity via the color association. However, many also opt for more neutral colors to avoid openly advertising partisanship.


In conclusion, liberal Democrats are strongly associated with the color blue in modern U.S. politics. This linkage began in 2000 due to the contested Bush vs. Gore election. While some fluidity occurred initially, blue and red are now firmly established shorthand for Democrats and Republicans respectively. These color choices reflect deeper associations – blue with progressive values, and red with conservatism. As politics grows increasingly polarized, expect both sides to continue displaying their credentials through strategic use of color.