God is often associated with certain colours that represent different aspects of His nature and character. Throughout history, these divine colours have carried deep symbolic meaning in various cultures and faiths. Understanding the colours of God can provide insight into the divine qualities He represents. This article will explore the primary colours connected to God, their origins, and spiritual significance. The colours we will examine include white, blue, red, green, yellow, gold, and purple. By comprehending the meaning behind the colours of God, we can grow in our knowledge of who He is.
The Colour White
White light contains all the colours of the rainbow, representing the perfection and completeness of God. As such, white is the fundamental colour associated with God in many cultures and religious traditions. In Christianity, white symbolizes the purity and sinlessness of Christ. It also represents the righteousness of the saints and angels clothed in white garments (Revelation 3:5, 4:4). White clothes were worn by priests in ancient Israel as a symbol of holiness.
The whiteness of God is mentioned in verses like Daniel 7:9, which describes the “Ancient of Days” with clothing “white as snow.” White also connotes the clarity, simplicity, and tranquility of the divine. God is perfect light without any darkness, radiating the fullness of all colours in one brilliant hue. As the white light of God shines on creation, it brings illumination and understanding to mankind.
The Colour Blue
Blue is commonly connected with the sky and sea, representing the heavens, eternity, and divine transcendence. As such, it is often associated with God’s infinitude, omnipresence, and sovereignty. In numerous religious traditions, blue is the supreme colour of heaven.
In Judaism, blue dyes were used for the priests’ garments and tabernacle coverings as a reminder of God’s heavenly throne. The Israelites were commanded to attach blue fringes on their garments to evoke the colour of the sky and “remember to do all my commandments” (Numbers 15:38-40). In Christianity, blue represents the Blue mantle of Mary as Queen of Heaven. It also connotes the waters of baptism and the living water of eternal life flowing from God’s throne (Revelation 22:1). As God’s grace, blue brings rest, refreshment, and renewal.
The Colour Red
Red has traditionally symbolized power, fire, passion, love, and sacrifice associated with God. In the Bible, red represents the blood of Christ and the life-giving blood of the Lamb slain for the sins of the world (John 1:29, Revelation 5:9). Red also signifies the burning bush from which God spoke to Moses (Exodus 3:2), and the fire of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost (Acts 2:3). As the primary colour of the heart, red conveys the fiery passionate love of God. Crimson red robes were worn by kings and nobility, pointing to God’s supreme majesty and authority.
In many world faiths, red is the colour of life, vitality, and fertility granted by divine power. It is the vivifying colour of pulsing blood, rubies, rosy sunrises, and blazing sunsets reflecting God’s radiant glory. The red clothing of cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church is linked to their willingness to die as martyrs for their faith. Overall, red symbolizes the vital energy and almighty power of God.
The Colour Green
As the predominant colour of nature and vegetation, green represents life, growth, unity with nature, and the lushness of creation. In the Bible, green pastures and meadows signify God’s provision, abundance, and fertility (Psalm 23:2). The emerald rainbow around God’s throne highlights the verdant hues of paradise (Revelation 4:3). In Islam, green is the traditional colour of clothing worn in paradise. Green has also long been connected with immortality, rebirth, and the triumph of life over death.
In a spiritual sense, green represents the freshness and renewal found in God. It conveys hope, health, youthfulness, and vitality. Green’s association with environmentalism today connotes humanity’s shared connection and dependence on the Creator. Overall, green reflects the vivifying life force that flows from God into the natural world. It represents the eternal springtime of divine blessing.
The Colour Yellow
Yellow or gold is the colour of sunshine, consecration, and God’s glory, wisdom and virtue. Representing the fire and radiance of the sun, yellow symbolizes the light of divine truth enlightening the world and dispelling ignorance. In the Bible, golden lampstands burn perpetually before God’s throne (Revelation 1:12). Yellow sanctity crowns and halos adorn holy figures and saints across religions, denoting their connection to the sacred. Golden altars and sacred objects point to items consecrated for divine service.
Yellow often represents the glory, majesty and righteousness of God. In Christianity, golden yellow signifies the perfection of the Trinity, moral purity, divine love, and sacred wisdom. Yellow also represents the golden crowns awaiting the faithful in heaven (Revelation 2:10). Overall, yellow conveys the brilliant splendor of the divine nature permeating creation.
The Colour Gold
Closely related to yellow, gold represents the radiance, value, and royalty of God’s divine nature. Associated with the sun, gold signifies God’s supremacy as the unconquerable Light of the World. The Bible describes God’s brilliance and glory in golden images, such as the gleam of the Almighty’s appearance (Revelation 1:14), His feet glowing like bronze (Revelation 1:15), and the streets of heaven made of translucent gold (Revelation 21:21).
Gold also connotes the immense riches and worth of God’s kingdom. The three Magi brought the Christ-child gifts of gold to honor His earthly royalty as the King of Kings (Matthew 2:11). Gold points to the eternal wealth awaiting believers in paradise, such as the crown of life (James 1:12), the crown of glory (1 Peter 5:4) and crown of righteousness (2 Timothy 4:8). Across religions, gold represents the supreme value of the spiritual over earthly possessions.
The Colour Purple
Purple is traditionally seen as the colour of royalty, magic, mystery, and spiritual authority. In ancient times, purple dyes were rare and expensive, worn by kings, emperors and the elite. As such, purple symbolizes God’s supreme sovereignty as Ruler and Lord of creation. In the Bible, purple robes were cast over Jesus by Roman soldiers to mock His claim of kingship (Mark 15:17,20). Deep violet and purple hues filled the tabernacle and temple as a sign of sacredness and spiritual power.
In Christianity, purple represents the Passion of Christ and the blood spilt for humanity’s salvation. During Lent and Advent, purple vestments are worn by priests to convey penance, preparation, and royalty awaiting the coming King. Purple is also associated with the exiled divine, suffering outside mainstream society. Overall, it points to the otherworldly aspects of God beyond human comprehension.
The diverse colours associated with God hold deep theological meaning and sacred symbolism. Each hue conveys distinct divine attributes and spiritual truths that enrich our understanding of the Almighty. While human words often fail to adequately describe our infinite Creator, the colours of the rainbow provide glimpses into His magnificent nature and character. As we meditate on the meanings behind these vibrant biblical hues, may our eyes be opened to see and know God in deeper ways.
|White||Perfection, purity, holiness, righteousness, simplicity, clarity|
|Blue||Heaven, eternity, omnipresence, sovereignty, grace, rest, renewal|
|Red||Power, fire, passion, love, sacrifice, life, vitality|
|Green||Life, growth, unity with nature, abundance, hope, renewal|
|Yellow/Gold||Glory, wisdom, virtue, consecration, enlightenment, worth|
|Purple||Royalty, magic, mystery, authority, passion, otherworldliness|