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What are the 8 different subjects?

What are the 8 different subjects?

As a student, you will take many different subjects throughout your academic career. While the specific subjects may vary depending on your grade level, school, and interests, there are 8 core subject areas that form the foundation of most curriculums. In this article, we will explore what these 8 subjects are and provide an overview of what each one entails.


Mathematics is a broad field that deals with numbers, quantities, and spatial relationships. Some of the key topics studied in math classes include:

  • Arithmetic – Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division of numbers
  • Algebra – Using variables and equations to represent numbers and relationships
  • Geometry – Studying shapes, angles, lines, points, and figures
  • Trigonometry – Triangles, sine, cosine, tangent, graphs
  • Calculus – Rates of change, integrals, derivatives
  • Statistics – Collecting, analyzing, interpreting quantitative data

Math helps students improve their problem-solving abilities, logical thinking, and quantitative reasoning. These skills are useful both in academia and in real-world applications.


English classes aim to develop students’ reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. Key topics in English include:

  • Reading comprehension – Understanding, analyzing, and interpreting fiction and nonfiction texts
  • Writing – Developing writing skills for different purposes and audiences
  • Grammar – Proper sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech
  • Vocabulary – Expanding vocabulary through reading, tests, and dictionaries
  • Literature – Reading and analyzing novels, short stories, poetry, drama
  • Communication – Verbal communication, presentations, discussion

Mastering English helps students articulate thoughts clearly, think critically about texts, and share ideas effectively. Strong language skills are invaluable in school and beyond.


Science encompasses the study of the physical and natural world through observation and experimentation. Some main branches of science include:

  • Biology – The study of living organisms and life processes
  • Chemistry – The study of matter and its properties
  • Physics – The study of energy, matter, forces, and motion
  • Earth Science – The study of earth, atmosphere, oceans, space
  • Environmental Science – Interactions between organisms and environment

Key science skills include conducting experiments, collecting data, testing hypotheses, and drawing evidence-based conclusions. Science helps us understand the world around us and make new discoveries.


History aims to study, document, and interpret past events. Typical history course topics include:

  • World History – Events, people, cultures through different eras
  • U.S. History – Key events, leaders, wars, social movements
  • Government – Political systems, ideologies, institutions
  • Geography – Maps, regions, human/physical features
  • Economics – Production, supply/demand, trade, business

Studying history provides context for the present, builds research skills, and helps avoid past mistakes. It teaches critical thinking as students analyze diverse sources.

Foreign Languages

Foreign language classes allow students to gain proficiency in languages other than their native tongue. Areas of study include:

  • Vocabulary – Words, phrases, expressions
  • Grammar – Sentence structure, tenses, conjugation
  • Reading – Comprehending written text
  • Writing – Crafting texts in the target language
  • Listening – Understanding spoken language
  • Speaking – Holding conversations, presentations
  • Culture – Traditions, history, art, literature

Foreign languages promote cultural awareness, improve cognitive abilities, and enhance career prospects in our globalized world.


Arts education encompasses visual arts, music, drama, and dance. Key learning areas include:

  • Visual Arts – Drawing, painting, sculpture, design
  • Music – Singing, instruments, reading music, composition
  • Drama – Acting, directing, playwriting, technical theatre
  • Dance – Styles, technique, choreography, history
  • Aesthetics – Art criticism, art history, meaning of art

The arts nurture creativity, self-expression, collaboration, fine motor skills, and problem-solving. Arts education is a valuable part of a well-rounded education.

Physical Education

Physical education (PE) provides students with physical activity, sports skills, and health knowledge. Common PE topics include:

  • Fitness – Cardio, strength training, flexibility, conditioning
  • Sports – Rules, skills, teamwork for various sports
  • Health – Nutrition, anatomy, personal wellness
  • Recreation – New activities to try for lifelong fitness

Quality PE teaches students to value physical activity, cooperate in teams, follow rules, and make healthy choices.

Career and Technical Education

Career and technical education (CTE) prepares students with career-oriented knowledge and skills for postsecondary education or jobs. CTE subject areas include:

  • Business – Accounting, marketing, entrepreneurship, finance
  • Technology – Computer science, engineering, IT, robotics
  • Agriculture – Horticulture, animal science, natural resources
  • Trades – Construction, manufacturing, automotive, cosmetology
  • Hospitality – Culinary arts, tourism, event planning
  • Healthcare – Nursing, dental, medical assisting, sports medicine

CTE allows students to explore career interests through applied, hands-on learning. It equips graduates for college majors or skilled professions.


This covers the 8 core subject areas that provide students with a comprehensive, well-rounded education. While curriculums vary between schools, these subjects impart foundational knowledge and transferable skills for future learning and work. Subject exposure enables students to discover their passions and strengths.

Here is a summary table of the 8 subjects and their key focus areas:

Subject Key Focus Areas
Mathematics Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics
English Reading, writing, grammar, literature
Science Biology, chemistry, physics, earth science
History World history, U.S. history, government, geography, economics
Foreign Languages Vocabulary, grammar, reading, writing, listening, speaking, culture
Arts Visual arts, music, drama, dance, aesthetics
Physical Education Fitness, sports, health, recreation
Career & Technical Education Business, technology, agriculture, trades, hospitality, healthcare

Gaining knowledge across disciplines provides a well-rounded education that benefits students throughout their lives.