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How to color a button in js?

Coloring buttons is a great way to enhance the look and feel of your web page or web application. With JavaScript, you can dynamically set button colors to create more visually appealing and interactive user interfaces. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll look at several methods for coloring buttons with JavaScript.


Before diving into the code, let’s review a few prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of HTML and CSS
  • Understanding of basic JavaScript syntax
  • Familiarity with DOM manipulation in JavaScript

We assume you already have a button element created in HTML, for example:

<button id="myButton">Click Me!</button>

And basic styling for the button in CSS:

#myButton {
  padding: 10px 20px; 
  font-size: 16px;

With those basics covered, let’s look at some methods for coloring the button with JavaScript!

Using Inline Styles

One straightforward way to change a button’s color is by setting inline CSS styles on the button element.

Here’s an example:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton"); = "blue"; = "white";

This dynamically sets the background-color and color styles on the button, changing the appearance.

Some key points about using inline styles:

– Applies styles directly on the element
– Overrides any existing CSS rules for that element
– Style property names use camelCase, not hyphens (e.g. backgroundColor versus background-color)

Inline styles provide an easy way to manipulate styles directly on the element. However, a potential downside is that it mixes styling and logic together in the JavaScript code.

Adding/Removing CSS Classes

Another method is toggling CSS classes on the button element. This separates the styling from the JavaScript logic.

First, define classes in your CSS:

.blue {
  background-color: blue;
  color: white; 

.red {
  background-color: red;
  color: white;

Then in JavaScript, use classList.add() and classList.remove() to toggle those classes:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");

button.classList.add("blue"); // adds blue class

button.classList.remove("blue"); // removes blue class
button.classList.add("red"); // adds red class

The advantages of using classes:

– Keeps styling rules separate from JavaScript code
– Can reuse classes in CSS for other elements
– Easier to maintain and change colors globally

The downside is that you need to define the classes in two places (CSS and JavaScript).

Setting a Style Property

For more flexibility, you can set specific CSS properties using JavaScript.

For example:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");"background-color", "purple");"color", "white");

This dynamically sets the background-color and color property values.


– More flexible than inline styles or classes
– Can set any valid CSS property and value


– Still mixes styling into JavaScript code
– More verbose than using classes

Styling Based on Events

Now let’s look at some examples of dynamically styling buttons based on user events.

Here’s how to change the button color when the user hovers over it:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");

button.addEventListener("mouseover", function() { = "lightblue";

button.addEventListener("mouseout", function() { = ""; // remove color

This creates interactive hover effects by changing the background color when the user’s mouse enters and leaves the button.

You can also change the button style on click:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");

button.addEventListener("click", function() {
  if( === "yellow") { = "";
  } else { = "yellow";

This toggles the background color between yellow and the original color each time the user clicks.

Using events allows you to tie the styling changes directly to user interactions like hovers, clicks, etc. This helps create dynamic effects.

Reacting to Input Values

You can also style a button based on the value of an input element like a text box.

For example:

const input = document.getElementById("myInput");
const button = document.getElementById("myButton");

input.addEventListener("keyup", function() {
  if(input.value === "blue") { = "blue";
  } else { = ""; 

Here the background color of the button changes based on the value typed into the input field.

You can run logic to check the input and style the button accordingly.

Using Timer Intervals

For animated effects, you can use setInterval() to change styling at regular time intervals.

For example, this cycles the button color every 500 milliseconds:

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");

let colors = ["red", "green", "blue"];
let index = 0;

setInterval(function() { = colors[index];
  index = (index + 1) % colors.length;
}, 500);

This creates a smooth automated animation by looping through values on an interval.

Timers allow you to create CSS animations and visual effects in JavaScript without CSS @keyframes rules.

Using CSS Variables

For more reusable code, you can store colors in CSS variables and change those values in JavaScript.

First, define variables in CSS:

:root {
  --main-color: #dfdfdf;
  --accent-color: #5e9ea0;

Then access them in JavaScript:

const root = document.documentElement;

const button = document.getElementById("myButton");"--main-color", "yellow");"--accent-color", "orange");

This dynamically changes the variable values, and any elements using those variables will be updated.


– Decouples some styling from JavaScript
– Changes apply across all elements using the variables
– Cleaner code overall

Downside: CSS variables are not supported in older browsers like IE11.

Putting Into Practice

Now that you’re familiar with the main techniques, let’s walk through some practical examples to bring these concepts together.

Here we’ll create a simple traffic light button that changes from red to green on click:


<button id="trafficLight">Loading...</button>


#trafficLight {
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;
  border-radius: 50px;

.red {
  background-color: red;  

.green {
  background-color: green;


const button = document.getElementById("trafficLight");

let isRed = true;

function toggleColor() {
  if(isRed) {
  } else {
  isRed = !isRed;

button.addEventListener("click", toggleColor);

This allows the button color to be toggled between red and green on each click by swapping CSS classes.

Here’s one more example that changes button width on hover:


<button id="growBtn">Grow</button>


#growBtn {
  transition: width 0.15s;


const button = document.getElementById("growBtn");

button.addEventListener("mouseover", function() { = "200px";

button.addEventListener("mouseout", function() { = "";

This uses inline styles to animate the width on hover for a smooth transition effect.


In summary, there are a variety of effective techniques for coloring and styling buttons with JavaScript:

– Inline styles directly on elements
– Adding/removing CSS classes
– Setting individual style properties
– Styling based on events and interactions
– Using timers and intervals for animations
– Leveraging CSS variables for more reusable code

No matter which approach you choose, styling buttons dynamically helps create more engaging, interactive, and responsive user interfaces. The concepts covered in this guide provide a solid foundation for leveling up your buttons with JavaScript!

Summary of Key Points

Here are some key points to remember:

  • Use inline styles for simple dynamnic styling
  • Toggle CSS classes to separate styling from logic
  • Style based on events like hover and click for interactivity
  • Use setInterval() to animate style changes
  • Leverage CSS variables to reuse color values
  • Combine techniques for creative effects

With these techniques, you have all the tools needed to make awesome, interactive buttons to delight your users!

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some common questions about coloring buttons with JavaScript:

How do I change multiple style properties at once?

You can set an object of multiple style properties using Object.assign():

const styles = {
  backgroundColor: "purple",
  color: "white", 
  padding: "10px 20px"

Object.assign(, styles); 

What is the best way to change a button’s color dynamically?

Toggling CSS classes is generally the cleanest approach as it separates concerns. Inline styles or setting properties work too.

How can I animate color changes on a loop?

Use setInterval() to call a function that changes the color at regular intervals, creating a smooth animated effect.

What if I need the button to support multiple color themes?

Use CSS variables to define different color schemes, then change the values of those variables dynamically.

How do I change the button’s hover color?

Use the :hover pseudo-class in your CSS rules. You can update its color dynamically by setting the –hover-color variable.

Can I use RGB or HSL colors instead of color names?

Absolutely! JavaScript supports setting style values using rgb(), rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() color formats.


Coloring buttons is a great way to elevate your websites and applications. With the techniques covered in this guide, you have all the tools to create dynamic, interactive, and attractive buttons users will love. The possibilities are endless for customizing buttons to match your brand, react to interactions, and improve the overall user experience.

Technique Pros Cons
Inline Styles Simple syntax Mixes concerns
CSS Classes Separates concerns More setup
Style Properties Very flexible Verbose syntax
CSS Variables Reusable values Browser support

This summarizes some of the key tradeoffs between the different techniques. In practice you’ll often use a combination approach.

Experiment, get creative, and most importantly – have fun making cool buttons!