Skip to Content

How does electric glow color changing lipstick work?

Electric glow color changing lipstick has become a popular cosmetic product in recent years. This innovative type of lipstick contains special ingredients that cause it to change color in response to temperature or pH changes when applied to the lips. The color change effect creates a fun, eye-catching look and allows the wearer to enjoy different lip color shades with just one lipstick. But how exactly does electric glow color changing lipstick work? Let’s take a closer look at the science behind these mystical morphing lip colors.

The Technology Behind Color Changing Lipstick

Electric glow color changing lipsticks rely on thermochromic or photochromic pigments to create their magical color transformations. Here’s an explanation of each type of technology:

Thermochromic Pigments

Thermochromic pigments change color in response to temperature changes. These temperature-sensitive pigments contain microencapsulated dye molecules in a transparent wax. At lower temperatures, the wax is solid and the dye molecules are arranged in a tight formation, reflecting a specific wavelength of light that produces one color. As the temperature rises and the wax melts, the dye molecules spread out randomly, reflecting different wavelengths and changing the visible color.

Photochromic Pigments

Photochromic pigments change color in response to exposure to UV light. These pigments contain special colorless dye molecules that transform into colored structures when they absorb UV rays. The intensity of the UV light controls the extent of the molecular transformation, allowing the pigment to shift through a spectrum of color changes.

How Thermochromic Lipstick Changes Color

Thermochromic lipsticks contain temperature-sensitive pigments that cause the lipstick to change to a new color when exposed to heat. Here are the steps to how the color change happens:

  1. At room temperature, the thermochromic pigments in the lipstick reflect a certain wavelength of light that produces the initial lipstick color.
  2. When applied to the lips, the heat from the skin and mouth (about 37°C/ 98.6°F) warms up the thermochromic pigments in the lipstick.
  3. The heat causes the microencapsulated dye in the pigments to become more fluid and spread out.
  4. The new arrangement of dye molecules reflects different wavelengths of light, producing a new color.
  5. This second color will remain until the lipstick returns to room temperature, when the pigments will revert to their original packed formation and initial color.

So in summary, the heat from the lips warms the temperature-sensitive pigments in thermochromic lipstick, causing a reversible color change reaction.

How Photochromic Lipstick Changes Color

Photochromic or light-sensitive lipsticks contain pigments that transform upon exposure to UV light. Here is how the color change occurs with photochromic lipstick:

  1. In normal indoor lighting, the photochromic pigments reflect a specific wavelength of visible light that shows the initial lipstick color.
  2. When exposed to UV light (from sunlight or an LED UV lamp), the UV rays are absorbed by the photochromic molecules in the pigments.
  3. The UV light energy causes the molecules to rearrange into colored structures, shifting the pigment to reflect a new wavelength of light.
  4. This produces a visible color change in the lipstick.
  5. Over time, the pigments will revert to their original configuration when not exposed to UV light, and the lipstick will return to its initial color.

So photochromic technology allows lipstick to transform color in the presence of UV light through light-activated molecular transformations. The color change is temporary and reversible.

Color Combinations and Effects in Color Changing Lipstick

Electric glow color changing lipsticks are designed to shift between two or more colors when conditions change. Some of the most popular color combinations include:

  • Pink to peach – Transforms from a bright pink to a warm peachy nude.
  • Berry to red – Shifts from a rich berry tone to a blue-based vibrant red.
  • Plum to fuchsia – Changes from a deep plum to a bright pinky-purple.
  • Nude to mauve – Alters from a brown-hued nude to a soft mauve color.

The contrasting color combinations create a fun, transformative lip look. Some lipsticks also incorporate iridescent pigments or pearlescent shimmers to add a multi-dimensional, electric glow effect when the shade shifts. The color change is fully reversible so the lipstick can go back and forth between colors.

Activation Methods for Color Changing Lipstick

Electric glow lipsticks are engineered to transform their color in response to different types of environmental triggers. Here are the various activation methods:

Temperature Activated

Thermochromic lipsticks change due to temperature differences. The heat from the lips causes the initial color change, while cold reverses the color change.

UV Light Activated

Photochromic lipstick reacts to UV light, shifting color when exposed to sunlight or UV lamps. Removing UV exposure allows the color to change back.

pH Activated

Some lipsticks contain pigments that change color in response to pH levels. The pH of lips is slightly acidic, causing an initial color change. Exposure to a basic pH environment such as soapy water can reverse the color.

Friction Activated

Rubbing or pressing lips together releases heat through friction, triggering thermochromic pigments. Stopping friction allows the color to revert.

Moisture Activated

Some pigments change color upon contact with moisture or hydration. The wet condition of the lips causes the initial color shift, while drying reverses it.

Understanding the various activation methods allows you to intentionally control and change your lipstick’s color for a bold, eye-catching beauty effect.

Ingredients and Manufacturing Process

Creating color changing lipsticks requires carefully engineering the formula with special pigments and ingredients. Here is an overview of key components:


  • Thermochromic pigments – Temperature-reactive microcapsules containing dye molecules suspended in wax.
  • Photochromic pigments – Light-sensitive molecules that rearrange into colored structures under UV exposure.
  • Interference pigments – Translucent platelets that reflect color at specific angles to add pearlescent effects.


  • Silicone oils – Provide a smooth, comfortable feel and bind the formula.
  • Lanolin – Absorbs quickly to moisturize lips.


  • Beeswax – Stabilizes the formula and adds pliability.
  • Carnauba wax – Produces a glossy finish and firm texture.

Manufacturing Overview

  1. Pigments are combined and ground into a fine powder.
  2. Waxes and oils are heated and mixed together in a liquid phase.
  3. The powdered pigment blend is added to the wax/oil mixture while stirring.
  4. The formulation is poured into lipstick molds and allowed to cool and solidify.
  5. Once hardened, lipsticks are removed from the molds and packaged.

Precise formulas and production methods allow color changing lipsticks to shift shades in response to different stimuli.

Pros and Cons of Electric Glow Lipstick

Color changing lipstick provides a fun, eye-catching beauty effect, but also has some downsides to consider:

Pros Cons
– Unique color-shifting effect – Can feel drying on lips
– Allows wearing multiple colors with one product – Color change may not always be desired
– Creativity and self-expression – Darker colors may stain lips temporarily
– Attention-grabbing look – More expensive than regular lipstick
– Fun for photos and events – Slow or minimal color change for some products

The most common complaints with color changing lipsticks are that the color shift can be subtle, they may feel drying, and the novelty could wear off quickly. But fans love the inventive technology and enjoy photos of the morphing lip art.

Tips for Applying Electric Glow Lipstick

Here are some tips for getting the best results when using color changing lipstick:

  • Start with clean, dry lips – Remove old makeup and exfoliate first for the best canvas.
  • Use lip balm or primer before application for easy glide-on.
  • Apply directly from the tube for most intense pigment and strongest color activation.
  • Blot with tissue and reapply for bolder color effects.
  • Rub lips together to generate heat and activate thermochromic types.
  • Use natural sunlight or UV lamps to trigger photochromic color changes.
  • Stay hydrated and reapply balm to prevent drying out.
  • Take fun before and after photos to show the color transformation.
  • Remove gently with makeup remover to prevent staining.

With the right techniques, you can make your color changing lipstick perform its chameleon tricks and enjoy stunning transforming lip colors.


Electric glow color changing lipstick contains innovative technology that allows it to transform shades in response to temperature, light, moisture, and other stimuli. Thermochromic and photochromic pigments are the key to creating the color-morphing effects. The pigments are combined into precise formulas containing oils, waxes, and other ingredients that react to lip conditions. While the color shifts can provide a fun, dramatic look, the drying feel and cost may deter some makeup wearers. Overall, color changing lipstick represents a creative leap forward in cosmetic innovation and gives makeup artists an exciting new way to express their style.