Skip to Content

How do you make a pretty bead necklace?

Making your own beaded necklace can be a fun and rewarding craft. With some creativity and the right materials, you can design a beautiful piece of jewelry to wear or give as a gift. In this guide, we’ll walk through the basics of making a pretty beaded necklace, from choosing your beads and thread to stringing techniques and clasps. With a bit of practice, you’ll be able to create unique necklaces to complement any outfit. So grab your beads and let’s get started!

Choosing Beads and Materials

The first step in making a beaded necklace is selecting your beads. You have endless options when it comes to beads – glass, crystal, gemstone, wood, plastic, metal and more. Consider the overall look you want for your necklace as well as your budget. Here are some tips for choosing beads:

  • Pick beads in colors, shapes and sizes that coordinate. Mixing different shapes and sizes can create visual interest.
  • Choose beads that reflect your personal style. Look for unique shapes like hearts or flowers if you want a romantic look or tribal prints for an exotic vibe.
  • Consider durability and cost. Plastic beads are inexpensive but may not last as long. Crystals and gemstones are pricier but very durable.
  • Match metals if using spacer beads. For example, use silver spacer beads with silver clasps and gold beads.
  • Select focal beads that stand out. Larger beads, pendants or gemstones can be centerpieces.

In addition to beads, you’ll need:

  • Jewelry thread or cord – Nylon beading thread and memory wire are good options. Match the thread thickness to your bead holes.
  • Needle – Beading needles have long, thin openings to accommodate the thread.
  • Clasp – Lobster clasps, barrel clasps and hook and eye clasps are common choices.
  • Beading mat – A soft surface to organize beads and prevent them from rolling away.
  • Scissors – For cutting thread.
  • Pliers or crimping tool – For attaching crimp beads if using them.

Gather your supplies and you’re ready to start beading!

Stringing and Knotting Techniques

Once you’ve selected your beads, the fun part begins – stringing them onto your necklace base! Here are some techniques to create a pretty beaded necklace:

Add a Starting Knot

Before stringing beads, you need to secure the thread so beads don’t fall off the end.

  1. Leave about 4 inches of excess thread at the end.
  2. Make a double knot at the end of the thread.
  3. Place a drop of clear nail polish or glue on the knot to keep it from unraveling. Let dry.

This starting knot will be hidden inside the first bead.

Pick Up Beads

  1. Thread your needle and pick up the first bead by sliding the needle up through the bead hole.
  2. Gently pull the bead down toward the knot to sit against it.
  3. Continue picking up beads one at a time in your desired pattern.
  4. Push beads close together to prevent gaps, but be careful not to scratch them.

Play around with different bead sequences and shapes as you string your necklace.

Use Spacer Beads

Spacer beads like small metal tubes can be used between pattern beads to separate and space them out. Add spacers anywhere you want gaps or breaks between bead designs.

Add Focal Beads

Place special focal beads like pendants, large gems or pearls periodically for visual interest. Try centering them or spacing multiples evenly apart.

Keep Tension

It’s important to maintain tension on the thread as you bead so the beads stay tight together. Here are some tips for keeping tension:

  • Hold the thread taut in one hand while stringing beads with the other.
  • Wrap the thread around something stationary like a doorknob to keep tension as you work.
  • Attach a clamp or safety pin to the end of the thread for extra weight.

Check after every few beads that there is no gap between them.

End with a Knot

When your necklace is the desired length, tie another double knot at the end. Dab with glue or nail polish again. Leave about 4 inches of excess thread to attach your clasp.

Clasps and Closures

A clasp secures the ends of the necklace together so it can be put on and removed. There are many stylish options for necklace clasps:

Clasp Type Description
Lobster Clasp A closing mechanism with a spring-loaded clip that snaps onto a small ring. Easy to open and close.
Barrel Clasp A simple clasp featuring a short metal tube that screws onto an eyepin or loop. Offers a secure closure.
Magnetic Clasp Two magnetic closures that attach around the necklace ends. Smooth and easy to secure.
Hook and Eye A hook that latches into an eye or loop ring. Traditional and decorative looking.
Toggle Clasp A bar or bead on one end loops through a ring on the other. Fun and easy for the wearer.
Slider Bead A bead with a channel that string ends fit through to form a sliding closure.

Choose a clasp that matches the style of your beaded necklace and is easy for you to work with. Follow the steps below to attach your clasp:

  1. Determine the best placement for the clasp ends so the necklace lays properly when worn.
  2. Use pliers to attach a closed jump ring or loop to each thread end.
  3. Attach one side of the clasp to one end loop.
  4. Feed the thread at the other end through the second clasp piece and make a tight double knot.
  5. Trim off excess thread close to the knot.

Check that the clasps open and close securely and the ends are firmly attached. Add a dab of glue inside the clasp for extra hold if needed.

Finishing Touches

Once your beaded necklace is fully strung and fastened, there are some finishing steps to ensure your creation looks professionally made:

Check Size

Have the wearer try on the necklace to confirm the length is just right. Add or reduce beads if needed. Most necklaces range 16-20 inches.

Treat Ends

Consider covering knotted ends with end caps, liquid sealant or clear nail polish so they don’t unravel.

Adjust Spacing

Slide beads down to remove any gaps and evenly distribute focal beads.

Secure Loose Beads

Look for any loose beads and reinforce knots as needed so beads don’t fall off. You can also string each bead onto the thread twice for extra hold.

Add Extender Chain

For adjustable sizing, attach a 2-3 inch extension chain between the clasp and necklace ends.

Buff and Shine

Use a microfiber cloth to gently buff metal, crystal or glass beads for maximum shine.

Caring for Your Beaded Necklace

Follow these tips to help your handmade beaded necklace last for years to come:

  • Store inside a jewelry box or pouch to prevent tangles and scratches.
  • Keep away from water, heat and harsh chemicals which can damage threads and beads.
  • Gently wipe with a damp cloth to clean. Handwash if needed.
  • Avoid pulling hard on the clasps or ends which can cause breakage.
  • Check periodically for damaged threads, knots or worn beads and make repairs as needed.

With proper care and handling, your thoughtfully crafted bead necklace will stay beautiful for many wears.

Troubleshooting Beading Issues

When making your first beaded necklace, you may run into some problems. Here are some troubleshooting tips:

Issue Solution
Knots keep unraveling Make tighter knots, double knot, or add glue dot on knots before drying.
Beads feel loose Re-string loose beads twice through each hole for a tighter fit.
Thread tangles easily Use bead mat to contain beads. Maintain tension on thread while stringing.
Clasp doesn’t close right Reposition end loops or clasps so they align correctly when closed.
Necklace is too short/long Carefully remove beads from one end to adjust length as needed.
Bead finishes look worn Change bead quality, avoid moisture and chemicals, store beads properly.

Making mistakes is part of learning any new craft. Troubleshoot any issues as they arise and you will improve with each necklace.

Designing Custom Beaded Necklaces

Once you become comfortable with basic beading techniques, try your hand at designing your own custom necklaces. Get creative with these design tips:

  • Make a focal pendant by wire wrapping beads or stones into interesting shapes.
  • Use beads in graduated sizes from large to small to create a tapered effect.
  • Spell out names or words using alphabet bead letters as accents.
  • Incorporate decorative touches like ribbons, chains, charms or found objects.
  • Layer multiple strands of different lengths for a cascading look.
  • Combine glass pearls with gemstones for elegant appeal.
  • Make your own beads from polymer clay for one-of-a-kind pieces.

Sketch your necklace ideas first to visualize spacing and test combinations that work well together. The possibilities are endless when you unleash your imagination!

Beading Inspiration

Need a spark of inspiration for your beaded jewelry designs? Here are some sources to get those creative juices flowing:

  • Look through beading magazines like Bead & Jewellery Creator for trends and techniques.
  • Browse Pinterest and Etsy to discover unique bead necklace styles.
  • Flip through library books about beading and jewelry making.
  • Take a class at your local bead shop or community center.
  • Check out beading websites like Fire Mountain Gems and Beads for ideas.
  • Look at the jewelry of different cultures for inspiration like Native American, African and Thai designs.
  • Study fashion magazines and catalogs for current looks.
  • Follow beading hashtags on Instagram like #BeadedJewelryOfInstagram.

Immerse yourself in images of beadwork for patterns, color combinations and layouts you like. Identify fibers, gemstones and findings you want to incorporate. Then let your inner artist shine through in your own beaded creations!


Making beaded necklaces is an enjoyable way to express your personal flair. With some basic materials and techniques, you can create stunning jewelry to suit any style. Experiment with mixing colors, textures and shapes to find a look that inspires you. Share your handcrafted bead designs with friends, or sell them for profit. Remember to take pride in your work and have fun in the process! We hope this guide gives you the knowledge and confidence to begin beading beautiful necklaces to wear for any occasion.