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What are the biblical symbols?

What are the biblical symbols?

Symbols play an important role in the Bible, representing spiritual truths and providing insight into God’s message. Some key biblical symbols include light, bread, living water, the lamb, and more. This article will provide an overview of the major biblical symbols, their meanings, and examples of how they are used in Scripture. Understanding biblical symbolism helps unlock deeper meanings in the text and sheds light on God’s character and plan for humanity.


Light is a powerful biblical symbol that represents truth, knowledge, spiritual illumination, and God’s presence. Here are some key things to know about light as a biblical symbol:

Meaning Examples
Truth and knowledge “Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path” (Psalm 119:105). God’s Word brings light and reveals truth.
Spiritual illumination “The people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned” (Matthew 4:16). Coming to faith is described as moving from darkness into light.
God’s presence “The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light” (Revelation 21:23). In heaven, God’s glory illuminates the city.

As the source of truth, understanding, and moral purity, God is often associated with light in Scripture. Accepting Christ is described as coming from darkness into light. Light overcomes darkness and exposes sin. As believers, we are called to walk in the light of Christ.


Bread represents God’s faithful provision for his people. Here are some key things to know about bread as a biblical symbol:

Meaning Examples
God’s provision When the Israelites wandered in the wilderness, God provided manna from heaven to feed them (Exodus 16:4).
Sustenance for life Jesus declared Himself the bread of life, meaning He is the source of spiritual sustenance (John 6:35).
Nourishment for the journey Elijah was miraculously fed bread in the wilderness, giving him strength for his journey (1 Kings 19:6-8).

The believer’s dependence on Christ for spiritual nourishment and sustenance is illustrated by bread. Jesus is the bread of life who alone satisfies our soul’s deepest needs. Feeding on His Word provides nourishment for our spiritual walk.

Living Water

In Scripture, living water represents salvation, eternal life, and the Holy Spirit. Here are some key things to know about living water as a biblical symbol:

Meaning Examples
Eternal life “Whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life” (John 4:14).
Spiritual sustenance “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.” Here, Christ refers to the Holy Spirit who satisfies spiritual thirst (John 7:37-39).
Salvation The waters of the flood during Noah’s time symbolized salvation and a new life for those whom God spared (1 Peter 3:20-21).

Only Christ provides living water that quenches our spiritual thirst and grants eternal life. Drinking the water He gives refers to receiving Christ by faith.


In the Bible, lambs symbolize innocence, helplessness, sacrifice, and Jesus Christ as the Lamb of God. Here are some key things to know about lambs as biblical symbols:

Meaning Examples
Innocence Nathan confronts David about his sin using a fictional story about a poor man’s beloved lamb (2 Samuel 12:1-4). The lamb represents innocence.
Helplessness Isaiah compares humanity to helpless lambs in need of divine care and guidance (Isaiah 40:11).
Sacrifice In the Passover, sprinkling the blood of a lamb over doorposts saved Israel’s firstborn from death (Exodus 12). This symbolized their sacrificial substitute.
Jesus Christ John the Baptist declared Jesus “the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29). Jesus fulfills the symbolic role of sacrificial lamb.

Lambs symbolize purity, defenselessness, and sacrificial atonement. The Bible culminates in Jesus as the ultimate Lamb of God slain for sinners.

Other Key Biblical Symbols

Here is an overview of some other significant biblical symbols and their meanings:

Symbol Meaning
Serpent Deception, the fall into sin (Genesis 3)
Eagle Speed, protection, deliverance (Exodus 19:4)
Lion Power, sovereignty, authority (Revelation 5:5)
Tree Wisdom, bearing fruit (Psalm 1:3)
Vine Life in Christ, fruitfulness (John 15:5)
Bride The people of God, the church (Revelation 21:2)
Temple God’s presence with his people (1 Corinthians 6:19)

This covers some of the major biblical symbols that repeatedly arise, representing spiritual truths about God and his relationship to humanity. Paying attention to these key symbols unlocks deeper meaning in Scripture.

Interpreting Biblical Symbolism

Here are some tips for interpreting symbolic language and imagery in the Bible:

– Consider context and use of the symbol elsewhere in Scripture
– Note points of comparison between the symbol and what it represents
– Look for clues in the passage to the symbol’s meaning
– Let clearer passages clarify the meaning of symbolic texts
– Look for multiple layers of meaning in dense symbolic passages
– Recognize that some symbols picture spiritual realities, not literal events
– Appreciate the emotive, graphic power of symbols to point to truths
– Look for how symbols fulfill God’s purposes in revealing Himself

Symbols work differently than propositional statements to communicate truth at a level beyond just information. Biblical symbols are rooted in historical realities but point to deeper spiritual truths about God’s character and His redemptive work.

The Lamb In Revelation

The book of Revelation contains some of the most vivid symbolic visions in Scripture. Here, the lamb becomes a central symbol for Jesus Christ:

– Only the Lamb is worthy to open the divine scroll and enact God’s final plans (Revelation 5:6-10)
– The lamb symbolizes Jesus’ sacrifice that has redeemed people from every nation (Revelation 5:9)
– Saints overcome evil “by the blood of the Lamb” and their testimony for Him (Revelation 12:11)
– The lamb consummates His marriage to the church, the “bride of the Lamb” (Revelation 19:7)
– In eternity, the radiance of God and the Lamb illuminate heaven (Revelation 21:23)

Throughout Revelation, the lamb signifies Jesus’ sacrificial atonement, resurrection victory, and coming reign. This symbolic representation culminates biblical imagery of lambs as sacrifices for sin.

The Bride In Revelation

The book of Revelation also paints a symbolic portrait of the church as the bride of Christ:

– Prepared like a bride adorned for her husband (Revelation 21:2)
– Illuminated by the glory of God for her marriage to the Lamb (Revelation 21: 9-11)
– Representing the new Jerusalem, the people of God (Revelation 21:9-10)
– The marriage supper celebrates Christ’s union with the redeemed (Revelation 19:7-9)
– As Christ’s bride, the church shares in His rule, glory, and intimacy (Revelation 3:21)

Portraying the church as the bride underscores the nature of God’s covenant love. This marital imagery conveys the church’s deep relationship with Christ as His beloved, redeemed people.


Biblical symbols beautifully convey theological truth through vivid metaphors, images, and symbolic language. Major symbols like light, bread, living water, and the lamb enrich our understanding of salvation and God’s care for His people. Paying attention to symbols throughout Scripture enhances our understanding and enables us to take part in the biblical worldview. Most centrally, Jesus as the Lamb of God fulfills the Old Testament sacrificial system as the source of spiritual redemption through His atoning death and resurrection victory.