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What are the 4 psychological Colours?

What are the 4 psychological Colours?

The concept of psychological colours originates from personality profiling systems like the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and DISC assessment. These systems categorize personalities into different “colours” based on psychological traits. The main four psychological colours are:

Red Yellow
Blue Green

Each colour represents a broad personality type with distinct attributes. Understanding the four colours can provide insight into your own and others’ motivations, communication styles, strengths and weaknesses.

The Red Colour Personality

The Red colour personality is characterized as action-oriented, assertive, competitive, decisive, determined, independent, result-driven, and commanding. Reds value productivity, efficiency, ambition, and achievement. They are natural leaders who thrive when directing others towards goals.

Reds are quick decision-makers who don’t hesitate to take charge of situations. They can be very persuasive, convincing others to follow their lead. Reds have strong opinions and are not afraid to challenge the status quo. They can be quite blunt and forceful in expressing their views.

In relationships, Reds are energetic partners who take the lead. They enjoy lively debate and frank conversations. Reds appreciate those who can keep up with their intense pace. They have little patience for hesitation or indecisiveness from others.

Potential weaknesses of Reds include impatience, aggression, arrogance, and insensitivity. They can be poor listeners who neglect people’s feelings. Under stress, Reds may become autocratic, dominating, and demanding.

Key Attributes

Driven Competitive
Assertive Outspoken
Leader Decisive

The Yellow Colour Personality

The Yellow colour personality is characterized as fun, enthusiastic, persuasive, optimistic, collaborative, trusting, and influential. Yellows are lively, engaging people who motivate and inspire others.

Yellows love interacting with people and building networks. They thrive when collaborating on teams. Yellows are great at rallying people towards a common goal using their charm, charisma, and communication skills. They tend to be persuasive and can convince others to adopt their ideas and visions.

In relationships, Yellows are warm, thoughtful partners who make people feel included. They are friendly, approachable, and empathetic. Yellows easily draw people in with their sunny, playful demeanor. They enjoy cultivating close bonds and being helpful to others.

Potential weaknesses of Yellows include disorganization, impatience, criticism sensitivity, and lack of discipline. Under stress, they may become scattered, frivolous, and dismissive of details.

Key Attributes

Outgoing Enthusiastic
Persuasive Optimistic
Supportive Lively

The Blue Colour Personality

The Blue colour personality is characterized as caring, nurturing, cooperative, diplomatic, idealistic, empathetic, and relationship-oriented. Blues value meaningful connection, harmony, and helping others.

Blues have an innate need to understand people and foster positive relationships. They are excellent listeners who make people feel truly heard. Blues avoid conflict and seek win-win solutions. They are real team players who thrive in cooperative environments.

In relationships, Blues are loyal, thoughtful partners who build trust through dependability. They enjoy meaning heart-to-heart talks and gestures of care. Blues give comfort and reassurance to loved ones when they are stressed.

Potential weaknesses of Blues include over-sensitivity, indirect communication, and repressing their own needs. Under stress, they may become withdrawn, melancholic, and self-pitying.

Key Attributes

Understanding Nurturing
Diplomatic Idealistic
Calm Caring

The Green Colour Personality

The Green colour personality is characterized as intellectual, logical, independent, innovative, curious, visionary, and focused on improvement. Greens value competence, expertise, self-mastery, and precision.

Greens have exceptional focus and concentration. They are drawn to complex concepts and designs. Greens enjoy analyzing problems, creating innovative solutions, and building systematic processes. They thrive when developing their knowledge and skills to high levels.

In relationships, Greens are dedicated partners who give thoughtful advice and insights. They enjoy sharing knowledge and intellectually stimulating conversation. Greens value their alone time to recharge. Too much social interaction drains their energy.

Potential weaknesses of Greens include insensitivity, impatience with errors, hyper-criticism, and isolation. Under stress, they become rigidly perfectionistic and dismissively judgmental.

Key Attributes

Analytical Curious
Methodical Individualistic
Pragmatic Knowledgeable

Origins of the 4 Colours Model

The four colours model traces back to research conducted by psychologist Carl Jung. Jung theorized that there are four major psychological functions by which we experience the world:

Thinking Feeling
Sensation Intuition

Thinkers are logical and analytical. Feelers are compassionate and sentimental. Sensors are practical and detail-oriented. Intuitives are imaginative and systemic thinkers.

Later models like Myers-Briggs and DISC built on Jung’s foundations, associating each of his functions with a colour:

Green = Thinking Blue = Feeling
Red = Sensation Yellow = Intuition

So the four colours represent preferences in how people process information and make decisions.

Breakdown of the 4 Colours

Here’s a simple breakdown of the core traits associated with each of the four colour personalities:

Red Yellow
– Action-oriented – Outgoing
– Assertive – Enthusiastic
– Decisive – Persuasive
– Competitive – Optimistic
– Driven – Inspirational
Blue Green
– Caring – Analytical
– Cooperative – Logical
– Diplomatic – Independent
– Patient – Knowledgeable
– Nurturing – Curious

So in summary:

– Reds are results-focused leaders
– Yellows are engaging relationship builders
– Blues are caring nurturers
– Greens are knowledge-driven innovators

Strengths & Weaknesses of Each Colour

Each colour has its own unique strengths and potential limitations when under stress:


– Driven towards results
– Confident decision makers
– Direct communicators
– Skilled at persuading others

– Impatient
– Aggressive or domineering
– Insensitive to others’ feelings
– Poor listeners


– Outgoing and friendly
– Build strong networks
– Motivate and inspire others
– Approachable

– Disorganized
– Impatient
– Overly optimistic
– Lack follow-through


– Excellent listeners
– Avoid conflicts
– Create harmonious environments
– Support and reassure others

– Repress own needs
– Indirect communicators
– Overly sensitive
– Resist change


– Strong analysis skills
– Skilled problem-solvers
– Develop innovative solutions
– Value knowledge and expertise

– Impatient with errors
– Isolate themselves
– Hypercritical
– Resist collaboration

How to Identify Someone’s Colour

There are a few key ways to identify which colour someone likely aligns with:

Listen to the words they use

Certain words and phrases tend to be used more by certain colour personalities. For example, Reds may say things like “Let’s just get it done quickly” while Greens may say “I need time to analyze this carefully.”

Observe their body language

Reds often exhibit forceful gestures and a determined gait. Yellows have animated mannerisms. Blues are more mild in their movements. Greens have very precise postures.

Note how they interact

Reds are direct, Yellows are chatty, Blues are calm and attentive, and Greens are reserved but intellectual.

Consider their interests

Reds may enjoy high-energy activities, Yellows people-oriented events, Blues relationship-building activities, and Greens thought-provoking discussions.

Give them a quick quiz

Have the person answer a short quiz to rate themselves on traits like assertiveness, curiosity, cooperation, and analytical skills.

Leveraging the Colours

Knowing someone’s likely colour personality enables you to:

– Tailor your communication style to resonate best with them

For example, be extra caring and patient when speaking with a Blue.

– Predict their preferences and motivations

Such as a Red desiring efficiency or a Yellow enjoying collaboration.

– Play to their natural strengths

Let Reds take charge of directing a project plan. Have Greens analyze data and create processes.

– Avoid triggering their stress reactions

Like criticizing Greens harshly or forcing Blues into the spotlight.

– Relate better interpersonally

You’ll have more empathy and adaptability with colour awareness.

So properly applied, the four colours model allows smoother interactions, stronger teamwork, and greater personal insight.

Combining Colours

Many people are a blend of two colour profiles. Some common combinations are:

– Red-Yellow: Action-oriented networkers
– Red-Blue: Driven yet caring leaders
– Yellow-Green: Innovative big picture thinkers
– Yellow-Blue: Friendly relationship-focused managers
– Blue-Green: Diplomatic knowledge-builders
– Red-Green: Analytical yet direct strategists

Dual colour personalities display a fusion of characteristics from both profiles. Their motivations and needs may shift between the two colours depending on context.

Flexibility comes easier to blended colours. For example, an Red-Yellow can turn on either their competitive Red mode or their collaborative Yellow mode as helpful to the situation.

Changing Colour Profiles

Colour profiles are not necessarily fixed for life. People can shift into different colour orientations as they mature and develop.

Some common colour shifts include:

– Hot-tempered Reds growing into more diplomatic Blue managers after years navigating group dynamics.

– Impulsive Yellows becoming more organized and analytical Greens when they take on positions of responsibility.

– Idealistic Blues shifting Red to build greater decisiveness and self-confidence.

– Isolated Greens embracing more Yellow traits like extroversion and gregariousness over time.

So colour profiles should be seen as flexible frameworks describing a person’s most natural and habitual orientations, which can evolve with experience.

Criticisms of the Colours Model

While overall useful for self-awareness, there are some criticisms of the four colours model to keep in mind:

– It may encourage stereotyping by making broad generalizations about types of people.

– The colour profiles are often presented as fixed when people are actually quite dynamic.

– Tests like DISC have modest statistical validity and reliability.

– People’s motivations and behaviours depend greatly on context.

– There is a tendency to pigeonhole and “type” people which can become self-limiting.

So the colours model should be applied judiciously with the understanding people are multifaceted and may not fit neatly into colour categorizations.


When applied flexibly, the framework of four psychological colour profiles provides a helpful model for understanding motivations, strengths, weaknesses, stressors and interactions.

Reds, Yellows, Blues and Greens represent broad personality spectra we all likely identify with to some degree. Learning about colours gives personal insight and improves relationships.

By studying colour profiles, we better grasp the diversity around and within us. We become more sensitive, adaptable, and effective in how we live, lead, and communicate.