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What are the 3ds of dog training?

What are the 3ds of dog training?

Dog training is an important part of being a responsible pet owner. Proper training helps create a well-behaved and happy dog that is a pleasure to own. There are three main elements or “3Ds” of effective dog training – Discipline, Dedication, and Direction. Understanding and implementing these 3Ds can help both new and experienced owners train their dogs properly.


Discipline refers to setting clear boundaries and rules for your dog and sticking to them consistently. Dogs thrive on structure and routine. Having a set schedule for feeding, walking, playtime and training helps them understand what is expected of them. Key elements of discipline in dog training include:

  • Establishing house rules – Decide where your dog is allowed and not allowed, such as on furniture or in certain rooms. Stick to these rules.
  • Setting a routine – Feed, walk and train your dog at consistent times each day.
  • Training obedience – Teach core commands like sit, stay, come, down, heel and no. Reinforce these commands daily.
  • Rewarding good behavior – When your dog follows the rules, reward with praise, petting or treats.
  • Correcting misbehavior – If your dog breaks a rule, use correction methods like a firm “no”, timeout or loss of reward.

Having discipline means being the leader and setting clear expectations. It does not mean punishment or cruelty. Set your dog up for success by being consistent, firm but fair.


Dedication means committing time and effort to regular training with your dog. Dog training requires daily practice and reinforcement to be effective. Key aspects of dedication include:

  • Daily training sessions – Aim for two or more short 5-10 minute sessions per day.
  • Reinforcing commands – Have your dog practice obedience commands several times throughout the day.
  • Socialization – Expose your dog safely to new people, animals, places and experiences.
  • Exercise – Ensure your dog gets adequate physical and mental exercise for their age and breed.
  • Patience & consistency – Stick to the training plan and be patient. Dogs don’t learn overnight.

Dedication means making your dog and their training a priority. The more effort you put in, the better your dog will behave. Be patient and stick with the training program.


Direction refers to guiding your dog’s behavior through effective training techniques. Giving your dog proper direction sets them up to succeed. Key elements include:

  • Proper equipment – Use a suitable collar, leash and any other training equipment appropriately.
  • Positive reinforcement – Reward desired behaviors, do not rely on punishment.
  • Clear communication – Give commands clearly and concisely. Use hand signals and cues when possible.
  • Proper technique – Ensure training techniques are suitable for your dog’s age, breed and temperament.
  • Expert guidance – Consider professional training help for specific issues like aggression or separation anxiety.

Following the proper direction means using effective, humane and scientifically-sound training methods. Educate yourself on dog behavior and use positive reinforcement. Seek professional advice when needed.

Benefits of the 3Ds

Implementing the 3Ds of dog training provides many benefits:

Benefit Description
Well-behaved dog Your dog understands rules and commands, allowing them to be a polite member of your family.
Stronger bond Training reinforces the bond between owner and dog through mutual respect and communication.
Enhanced safety A trained dog is less likely to have behavior issues or cause accidents and property damage.
Improved confidence Dogs feel more secure knowing their place and what is expected of them.
Better quality of life Proper training means a dog can enjoy more freedom and activities with their owner.

Following the 3Ds consistently leads to a happier, better-adjusted dog that is a true companion.

Challenges of the 3Ds

Though highly effective for training dogs, implementing the 3Ds does present some challenges:

Challenge How to Overcome
Time commitment Make training a priority by scheduling sessions and enlisting family help.
Consistency Stick to routines, rules and training times without exceptions or laziness.
Patience Understand training happens in increments, not overnight. Persist through setbacks.
Proper techniques Research or get professional advice to fully understand proper training methods.
Individual factors Tailor techniques to your dog’s unique personality and needs.

With effort and commitment, these challenges can be overcome to positively train any dog.

Implementing the 3Ds by Age

Though the 3Ds apply to dogs of all ages, how you implement them varies by your dog’s stage of life:


Puppies aged 8-16 weeks are still developing physically and mentally. Training should focus on:

  • Socialization – Safely introduce puppy to new sights, sounds, people, dogs, etc.
  • Basic manners – Teach simple commands like sit, stay, come, down.
  • Housetraining – Use consistent schedule and rewards to toilet train.
  • Bite inhibition – Teach puppy how to play gently and not bite too hard.
  • Crate training – Gradually crate train to prevent separation anxiety.

Use lots of rewards, short sessions and be patient with puppies as they have limited attention spans.

Adolescent Dogs

From 6 months to 2 years old, dogs go through a rebellious adolescent phase. Key training focuses are:

  • Impulse control – Practice commands and reward calm, controlled behavior.
  • Reinforce training – Maintain rules, routine and obedience commands taught as a puppy.
  • Leash manners – Teach loose leash walking and focus on you during walks.
  • Distraction training – Practice commands amid distractions to proof obedience.
  • Boundary testing – Control teenage pushiness and reinforce house rules.

Adolescent dogs need consistency, patience and plenty of exercise during this challenging phase.

Adult Dogs

For adult dogs aged 2-7 years, training should focus on:

  • Obedience reinforcement – Practice all basic commands regularly to keep dog focused and engaged with you.
  • Behavior issues – Address any emerging behavior problems like barking, digging or anxiety.
  • New skills – Teach fun new commands and tricks to stimulate your dog mentally.
  • Maintain socialization – Continue to safely expose your dog to new stimuli and environments.
  • Exercise needs – Meet your adult dog’s exercise requirements to prevent destructive behavior.

For adult dogs, training becomes more about reinforcing existing skills and addressing behavior issues as they arise.

Senior Dogs

For dogs over 7 years of age, focus training on:

  • Maintaining engagement – Keep using positive reinforcement to maintain focus and responsiveness as senses decline.
  • Managing health – Teach commands to assist with mobility, veterinary care and accommodating health conditions.
  • Mental stimulation – Use training games and food puzzles to keep aging minds active.
  • Confidence building – Avoid punishment and use praise to build confidence as abilities decline.
  • Routine adjustment – Gradually adjust schedule, pacing and habits to suit changing needs.

Training senior dogs requires adaptation to physical and mental changes while keeping them feeling secure.


Implementing the 3Ds of discipline, dedication and direction provides a simple yet effective framework for successfully training dogs of all ages. Though challenging at times, committing to the 3Ds helps build an obedient, confident and happy dog that brings years of companionship and joy. Consistency, patience and use of positive techniques leads to great results for both owner and dog.